Dental Calculus or tartar is the yellow or brown coloured deposit that forms when dental plaque hardens on your teeth. It is caused by the storage of minerals (Calcium/Phosphorous) from the saliva in the plaque.
Did you know? Even if you feel that you take great care of your teeth at home, bacteria are still growing in your mouth.
The bacteria are carried by plaque which causes tooth damage and cavities. However, removing the plaque regularly helps in permanent tooth decay and gum disease prevention.
Calculus VS Without Calculus
What are the causes of dental calculus?
- When saliva, food, and fluids combine in your mouth, the environment allows the bacteria to grow and deposit which collect on teeth and gums.
- The most common diets that contribute to plaque formation and growth include those contain high carbohydrates and sugar intake. For example, frequent consumption of soft drinks and candy.
- People with braces, dry mouth, crowded teeth and smoking habit have a greater risk of developing calculus.
- Ageing is also one of the main factors which cause the development of dental calculus as plaque builds up faster with age.
What are the problems caused by dental plaque?
If you don’t take the actions needed to get rid of plaque, it may lead to:
- Cavities: The bacteria in plaque will produce acid which lowers the pH level of your teeth enamel while tiny openings or hole will develop on the teeth.
- Gingivitis: Accumulation of bacteria may cause inflammation of the gums which can eventually lead to loss of teeth when it becomes a serious case.
- Bad Breath: Plaque buildup from poor dental hygiene can also cause your breath to smell bad which makes you feel embarrassed when talking to people.